Phonetic Annotation v2 (beta) is a method for describing Vietnamese pronunciation using Hán Nôm characters.
A syllable is split into four components: initial, nucleus, coda, tone. For example thuyền is split into:
N, and the
huyền tone. For each component you can lookup the corresponding shape in the table below.
For example for
ca you choose from the table. By adding the coda symbol you get
Tones are indicated by adding a tone component above the coda. For example
sáng 攵. The 𠂉 component indicates the
If no coda is present the tone component is added in full width directly after the vowel. Note: The full width form of 𠂉 is
Alternatively when a coda is not present, a smaller tone mark can be added to the vowel as an abbreviation:
lạ 二 can be abbreviated as ⺀, likewise
cả ス can be abbreviated as ス, and